22 Widely Used Data Science and Machine Learning Tools in 2020




There are a plethora of data science tools out there– which one should you pick up?
Heres a list of over 20 data science tools dealing with various stages of the information science lifecycle

What are the best tools for performing information science tasks? And which tool should you get as a newcomer in data science?

Im sure youve asked (or browsed for) these concerns at some point in your own data science journey. There is no scarcity of data science tools in the industry.

Lets face it– data science is a large spectrum and each of its domains needs handling of data in a special way that leads lots of analysts/data researchers into confusion. And if youre a magnate, you would stumble upon essential concerns relating to the tools you and your business pick as it may have a long term impact.

So again, the question is which information science tool should you choose?


Tools for Data Science.

Reporting and Business Intelligence.
Predictive Modelling and Machine Learning.
Expert system



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Data Science Tools for Big Data.

Diving into Big Data– Tools for handling Big Data.

In this post, I will be trying to clear this confusion by note down commonly used tools utilized in the information science area broken down by their usage and strong points. So let us get going!

To genuinely grasp the meaning behind Big Data, it is necessary that we comprehend the basic principles that define the data as big data. These are called the 3 Vs of huge information:

Over the years, with the increase in the quantity of data, the innovation has likewise progress. The reduction in computational and storage costs has made collecting and keeping huge amounts of data far much easier.

Tools for Handling Velocity.

As the name recommends, volume refers to the scale and the amount of data. To understand the scale of the data Im speaking about, you need to know that over 90% of the data in the world was produced in simply the last 2 years!

The conventional data science tools tend to work well in these cases when we have information varying from 1Gb to around 10Gb. What are these tools?

Hadoop– It is an open-source distributed structure that manages data processing and storage for big data. You are most likely to come across this tool whenever you build a device discovering task from scratch.

We have actually covered some of the basic tools up until now. It is time to release the huge weapons now! If your data is greater than 10Gb all the way approximately storage greater than 1Tb+, then you need to implement the tools Ive pointed out listed below:.

We have a lot of examples around us that capture and process real-time data. The most intricate one is the sensor data gathered by self-driving vehicles. Think of being in a self-driving car– the cars and truck needs to dynamically gather and process information concerning its lane, range from other automobiles, and so on all at the very same time!

The final and third V represents the velocity. This is the speed at which the information is captured. This includes both real-time and non-real-time data. Well be talking primarily about the real-time information here.

Stock trading.
Scams detection for charge card deal.
Network data– social networks (Facebook, Twitter, etc.).


Microsoft Access– It is a popular tool by Microsoft that is utilized for information storage. Smaller sized databases as much as 2Gb can be managed efficiently with this tool however beyond that, it starts breaking up.

Some other examples of real-time information being gathered are:.

Take a minute to observe these examples and associate them with your real-world data.


Tools for Handling Volume.

The volume of the information specifies whether it qualifies as big data or not.

Hive– It is a data storage facility constructed on top of Hadoop. Hive provides a SQL-like interface to query the data kept in various databases and file systems that incorporate with Hadoop


It can be extremely challenging to tackle this kind of information, so what are the different information science tools readily available in the market for handling and handling these various data types?

Let us go through the examples falling under the umbrella of these different data types:.

As you might have observed in the case of Structured data, there is a specific order and structure to these data types whereas in the case of unstructured information, the examples do not follow any pattern or pattern. For example, client feedback may differ in length, sentiments, and other elements. These types of data are substantial and diverse.

Some examples for SQL are Oracle, MySQL, SQLite, whereas NoSQL includes popular databases like MongoDB, Cassandra, etc. Because of their ability to scale and manage dynamic information, these NoSQL databases are seeing huge adoption numbers

Range refers to the different types of data that are out there. The data type might be among these– Structured and Unstructured information.

The two most typical databases are SQL and NoSQL. SQL has been the market-dominant gamers for a number of years before NoSQL emerged.

SQL– SQL is one of the most popular data management systems which has actually been around since the 1970s. It was the primary database solution for a couple of years. SQL still stays popular but theres a drawback– It ends up being tough to scale it as the database continues to grow.

Tools for Handling Variety.

Microsoft Excel– Excel prevails as the simplest and most popular tool for managing little amounts of data. The maximum amount of rows it supports is just a shade over 1 million and one sheet can manage only approximately 16,380 columns at a time. These numbers are merely inadequate when the amount of information is huge.

Did you understand?
More than 1Tb of information is generated throughout each trade session at the New York stock exchange!

Let us understand the typically utilized tools in this domain:.

Now that we have a solid grasp on the various tools typically being utilized for dealing with Big Data, lets move to the sector where you can take benefit of the data by using sophisticated device knowing techniques and algorithms

Apache Kafka– Kafka is an open-source tool by Apache. It is utilized for developing real-time data pipelines. A few of the benefits of Kafka are– It is fault-tolerant, really fast, and used in production by a big number of organizations

Which tools should you utilize in various domains of information science?
Should I purchase licenses for the tools or decide for an open-source one?, and so on.




A few of the questions youll deal with are:.

Predictive Analytics and Machine Learning Tools.

Widely Used Data Science Tools.

Now, lets head on to a few of the commonly used information science tools to manage real-time data:.

Reporting and Business Intelligence.

If youre setting up a brand name new data science task, youll have a lot of concerns in mind. This holds true no matter your level– whether youre a data scientist, an information analyst, a job supervisor, or a senior information science executive.

The frequently used tools in these domains are:.

Excel– It offers a varied variety of alternatives including Pivot tables and charts that let you do analysis in double-quick time. This is, in other words, the Swiss Army Knife of data science/analytics tools.

Apache Storm– This tool by Apache can be used with practically all the programs languages. It can process up to 1 Million tuples per 2nd and it is highly scalable. It is a good tool to consider for high information velocity

Microstrategy– It is yet another BI tool that supports control panels, automated distributions, and other key data analytics jobs.

PowerBI– It is a Microsoft offering in business Intelligence (BI) area. PowerBI was constructed to integrate with Microsoft technologies. So if your company has a Sharepoint or SQL database user, you and your group will enjoy working on this tool.


Python– This is among the most dominant languages for data science in the market today due to the fact that of its ease, flexibility, open-source nature. It has acquired quick appeal and acceptance in the ML community.


Google Analytics– Wondering how did Google Analytics make it to this list? Well, digital marketing plays a significant function in changing organisations and theres no much better tool than this to analyze your digital efforts

R– It is another really typically used and respected language in data science. R has a incredibly supportive and flourishing community and it comes with a wide variety of bundles and libraries that support most maker finding out jobs.

Data Science is a broad term in itself and it consists of a variety of different domains and each domain has its own business importance and complexity which is magnificently caught in the listed below image:.

Apache Spark– Spark was open-sourced by UC Berkley in 2010 and has given that become one of the largest communities in huge data. It is understood as the swiss army knife of huge data analytics as it offers multiple benefits such as flexibility, speed, computational power, etc

Tableau– It is amongst the most popular data visualization tools in the market today. It can handling big amounts of data and even offers Excel-like computation functions and criteria. Tableau is well-liked because of its cool control panel and story user interface.

Amazon Kinesis– This tool by Amazon resembles Kafka however it includes a membership cost. It is provided as an out-of-the-box service which makes it an extremely effective option for organizations.

Moving further up the ladder, the stakes simply got high in regards to complexity as well as business value! This is the domain where the support of the majority of information scientists originate from. Some of the types of issues youll solve are statistical modeling, forecasting, neural networks, and deep learning.

Apache Flink– Flink is yet another tool by Apache that we can utilize for real-time information. A few of the advantages of Flink are high performance, fault tolerance, and effective memory management.

The information science spectrum includes different domains and these domains are represented by their relative complexity and business worth that they provide. Let us use up each one of the points Ive revealed in the above spectrum


QlikView– It lets you consolidate, search, visualize, and evaluate all your information sources with just a few clicks. It is a easy and instinctive tool to discover that makes it so popular.

Lets start with the lower end of the spectrum. It makes it possible for an organization to determine patterns and trends so regarding make crucial tactical decisions. The kinds of analysis range from MIS, data analytics, all the way over to dashboarding.

In this area, we will be going over a few of the popular information science tools utilized in the industry according to various domains.

While it is mainly used for Python, it also supports other languages such as Julia, R, etc

Deep Learning requires high computational resources and needs unique frameworks to utilize those resources efficiently. Due to this, you would most likely require a GPU or a TPU.

PyTorch– This incredibly versatile deep learning structure is offering significant competition to TensorFlow. PyTorch has recently entered into the limelight and was established by researchers at Facebook.

Now, we will inspect out some premium tools that are recognized as market leaders:.

SAS– It is a very popular and powerful tool. Its prevalently and frequently used in the banking and financial sectors.

Matlab– Matlab is actually underrated in the organizational landscape but it is commonly utilized in academic community and research study departments. It has lost a lot of ground in current times to the likes of Python, R, and SAS but universities, especially in the United States, still teach a great deal of undergraduate courses utilizing Matlab


. The tools we have gone over so far are real open-source tools.

Let us look at a few of the structures utilized for Deep Learning in this section.

Common Frameworks for Deep Learning.

TensorFlow– It is easily the most extensively utilized tool in the industry today. Google may have something to do with that!

Keras and Caffe are other frameworks used extensively for building deep learning applications

Artificial Intelligence Tools.

Some of the most popular AutoML tools are AutoKeras, Google Cloud AutoML, IBM Watson, DataRobot, H20s Driverless AI, and Amazons Lex. AutoML is expected to be the next big thing in the AI/ML community. It intends to get rid of or decrease the technical side of things so that magnate can utilize it to make strategic decisions.


The period of AutoML is here. If you have not become aware of these tools, then it is a great time to educate yourself! This could well be what you as an information researcher will be dealing with in the near future.

These tools will be able to automate the complete pipeline!

End Notes.

Picking your data science tool will frequently come down to your individual choice, your domain or task, and of course, your company.

We have gone over the data collection engine and the tools needed to accomplish the pipeline for retrieval, processing, and storage of data. Data Science consists of a large spectrum of domain and each domain has its own set of tools and structures.


Let me understand in the comments about your preferred data science tool or structure that you like to deal with!

Microsoft Excel– Excel dominates as the simplest and most popular tool for dealing with small amounts of data. If your data is higher than 10Gb all the method up to storage higher than 1Tb+, then you need to execute the tools Ive discussed below:.

Associated Articles.


Tableau– It is among the most popular information visualization tools in the market today.

As you may have observed in the case of Structured information, there is a specific order and structure to these data types whereas in the case of unstructured information, the examples do not follow any trend or pattern. It is a great tool to think about for high data velocity

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